Spinal cord tumors are abnormal growths of tissue found in or near the spinal cord.
The diagnosis of primary spinal cord tumors is difficult, mainly due to thier symptoms, which in early stages mimic more common and benign degenerative spinal diseases. MRI and bone scanning are used for diagnostic purposes. This assesses not only the location of the tumor(s) but also their relationship with the spinal cord and the risk of cord compression.
Figure. Spinal cord tumor – neurinoma (v.L2-5 level)
The goals of surgical treatment for spinal tumors can comprise of histologic diagnosis, tumor local control or oncological cure, pain relief, spinal cord decompression and restoration of neurological function, restoration of spine stability, and deformity rectification.
Figure. Neurinoma at v.L2-5 before and after resection